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Commands Reference, Volume 3
Starts, stops, and monitors IP Security dynamic tunnels which use the
Internet Key Exchange Protocol (ISAKMP/Oakley).
ike cmd=Subcommand [
parameter ... ]
The ike is used to start, stop, and monitor IP Security dynamic
tunnels using the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol. IP Security
tunnels protect IP traffic by authenticating and/or encrypting IP data.
The ike command performs several functions. It can activate,
remove, or list IKE and IP Security tunnels. For an overview of IP
Security and IKE tunnels, see IP Security in the AIX
5L Version 5.1 System Management Guide: Communications and
Note: You must have root access to use the ike
The IKE negotiation occurs in two phases. The first phase
authenticates the two parties and sets up a Key Management (also
known as phase 1) Security Association for protecting the data that
is passed during the negotiation. In this phase the key management
policy is used to secure the negotiation messages. The second phase
negotiates Data Management (also known as the phase 2)
Security Association, which uses the data management policy to set
up IP Security tunnels in the kernel for encapsulating and decapsulating data
packets. The secure channel established in phase 1 can be used to
protect multiple data management negotiations between 2 hosts.
The ike command is used to activate tunnels with identification
and policy information which has already been entered using the Web-based
System Manager Graphical User Interface (GUI) under Virtual Private Networks
(IP Security) in the Network application. The parameters to be used
during the negotiation are entered by the user and stored in a
database. The ike command allows the activation, removal and
listing of tunnels that have been started using the security parameters stored
in the database.
In most uses of the ike command, activation and deletion occurs
for both phases, however the command allows these operations to be done
||Start the negotiation of an IKE tunnel. If phase is not specified,
both a phase 1 and phase 2 tunnel are started. If IP addresses are
supplied, the tunnel is setup using those IP addresses. If the IDs used
during the negotiation are not IP addresses, the local and remote host IDs
must be entered using the Virtual Private Networks Web-based System Manager
Graphical User Interface (GUI) panels. A unique tunnel number is
created. The tunnel can then be referenced by the tunnel number in the
ike command to indicate the particular tunnel to be started.
||ike cmd=activate [ phase=1|2 ]
||The activate subcommand works using a two phase
paradigm. A phase 1 tunnel must be established before a phase 2 tunnel
can be started. If a phase 1 tunnel is specified, then only the phase 1
tunnel negotiation take place. If a phase 2 tunnel is specified, then
the system checks for the existence of the corresponding phase 1 tunnel before
creating the phase 2 tunnel. If the phase 1 negotiation has not been
started, it is started automatically.
Upon successful completion of a phase 2 tunnel, the tunnel definition and
corresponding filter rules are inserted into the IP Security kernel, and the
new tunnel is activated. Traffic described by the tunnel definition
passing between the designated endpoints are protected by the encryption and
authentication algorithms indicated by the associated IKE security
Multiple phase 2 tunnels can be started under the same phase 1
tunnel. A situation where this may be desired is if different types of
traffic between two endpoints need different levels of security
protection. The Security Association used for the phase 1 tunnel can be
shared by multiple phase 2 tunnels. The phase 2 tunnels would specify
the type of traffic (by protocol and port, or subnet mask, for instance) and
could have different security policies protecting them.
The ike command returns if either a negotiation has been
initiated, an error returns, or the tunnel already exists. Since the
remote host must be contacted during the negotiation and the amount of time
needed to complete the negotiation is uncertain, the list
subcommand should be used to determine if the negotiation was
Errors that are detected during the negotiation process can be captured by
- Specifies the type of negotiation desired. If omitted, the
activate subcommand activates both a phase 1 and phase 2
tunnel. The phase flag is an optional flag.
- Initiates the ike tunnel number which corresponds to the
desired phase 1 or phase 2 tunnel(s) to be started. The ,
(comma) and - (dash) characters can be used to delimit values and
indicate ranges. The list subcommand with the database
option db can be used to determine the tunnel number for a
particular tunnel. An example using tunnel numbers is shown
ike cmd=activate numlist=1,3,5-7
This would start tunnels 1, 3, 5, 6 and 7.
- Starts phase1 or phase2 tunnel(s) from local ID to the specified remote
ID. remid could be phase1 ID (such as IP address, FQDN, user
FQDN and X500DN), phase2 ID (such as IP address, subnet and IP address range)
or group ID. The , (comma) is used to delimit subnet
id/subnet mask, and starting IP address/ending IP address. If
remid is a group name, a tunnel is initiated for each group
member. remid is a optional flag. It can only be used
with activate subcommand, it cannot be used in conjunction with
ipaddr or numlist flag.
- To activate a phase1 tunnel to remote IP address
ike cmd=activate phase=1 remid=22.214.171.124
- To activate a phase2 tunnel to remote subnet ID
ike cmd=activate phase=2 remid=126.96.36.199,255.255.255.0
- Starts a phase 1 or phase 2 tunnel between the specified IP
- Causes the activation of all phase 1 and phase 2 tunnel database entries
which were created with the autostart parameter set. The
autostart flag does not work in conjunction with any other flags
pertaining to the activate subcommand.
- Specifies a tunnel name or comma-separated list of tunnel names to be
activated. This flag requires the use of the phase
- To activate a phase 2 tunnel between source IP address
x.x.x.x and destination IP address
ike cmd=activate phase=2 ipaddr=x.x.x.x,y.y.y.y
The security policy indicated in the database for the IP addresses
x.x.x.x and y.y.y.y is used for
activating the tunnel.
- To activate phase 1 tunnels for tunnels 1 and 2, enter:
ike cmd=activate phase=1 numlist=1,2
- To activate phase 2 tunnels for inactive tunnels 3, 4, 5, and 8 from the
ike cmd=activate phase=2 numlist=3-5,8
Note: Because each phase 2 tunnel must have an associated
phase 1 tunnel, a phase 1 tunnel is automatically activated before the phase 2
tunnel is activated.
||Monitors the status of IP Security tunnels by phase. It is also
used to view tunnel entries defined in the IKE database.
||ike cmd=list [phase=1|1+|2]
[numlist= tunnel_num_list] [db |
||The list subcommand queries the Tunnel Manager and lists phase
1 and phase 2 tunnel status and information according to the result of the
query. This command can also be used to view information in the Tunnel
Definition database. The default behavior is to list the tunnels
currently active. To list the tunnels in the database, the
db option must be used.
- Indicates the type and order of the tunnel(s) to be listed. A phase
value of 1 results in only the requested phase 1 tunnel information being
displayed. A phase value of 2 results in the information for the
requested phase 2 tunnel(s) and their associated phase 1 tunnel(s) should be
displayed. A phase value of 1+ means that the requested phase 1 tunnel
and all associated phase 2 tunnels should be displayed. The default
phase value is 1+.
- Lists of the tunnel numbers which you would like to view. If
omitted, the information from all tunnels is displayed. The
, (comma) and - (dash) characters can be used to delimit
values and indicate ranges. For example:
ike cmd=list numlist=1,3,5-7
When used in conjunction with db, tunnels from the IKE Security
Policy database are shown.
Note: Active tunnel numbers and tunnel numbers from the
IKE Tunnel Definitions database do not necessarily match up. This is
due to the fact that active tunnel numbers must reflect tunnels from the
initiator and responder mode.
- Shows the entries in the database. If this flag is omitted, only
active tunnels are displayed. This cannot be used in conjunction with
role. Supply the list of tunnel numbers which you would like
- Allows the display of tunnels by the point of initiation. If
i is specified, then the tunnels that were initiated by the local
host are displayed. If r is specified, then the tunnels
where the local host acted as a responder are displayed. If this flag
is omitted, both initiator and responder tunnels are shown. This flag
cannot be used in conjunction with db.
- Shows extended information about the specified tunnels. If this
flag is not specified, then only a concise entry for each tunnel is
||Note: Tunnel numbers from the database and tunnel
numbers from the tunnel manager do not necessarily reflect the same
- To perform a concise (short form) listing of phase 1 tunnels with entries
in the tunnel manger, enter:
ike cmd=list phase=1 numlist=1,2,3
These tunnels are either being negotiated, in the active state , or have
expired. Only tunnels 1, 2, and 3 are listed. Tunnels can be
either initiator or responder role.
- To perform a concise (short form) listing of of the specified phase 2
tunnels in the database with each preceded by the associated phase 1 tunnel,
ike cmd=list phase=2 numlist=1-3 db
These are tunnels defined in the database which may or may not be currently
active in the tunnel manager. All tunnels in the database are used in
the initiator role only.
- To perform a verbose (long form) listing of a phase 1 tunnel followed by
all of its associated phase 2 tunnels from the tunnel manager, enter:
ike cmd=list phase=1+ role=r verbose
Only tunnels which were activated in the responder role are listed.
All available tunnel numbers are listed since no numlist was
||Deactivates specified phase 1 or phase 2 tunnel(s) and optionally removes
an entry from the IKE Tunnel Definition database.
||ike cmd=remove [phase=1|2]
[numlist= tunnel_num_list] [all]
||The remove subcommand requests the deactivation of phase 1 or
phase 2 tunnel(s). Because phase 2 tunnels are associated with a phase
1 tunnel, if a phase 1 tunnel is removed, all phase 2 tunnels under the phase
1 tunnel are not refreshed when the phase 2 tunnel lifetime expires.
- Indicates the phase of the tunnel to be deactivated and must be
specified. A phase value of 1 refers to a phase 1 tunnel and a phase
value of 2 refers to a phase 2 tunnel.
- List the tunnel numbers you would like to remove. The ,
(comma) and - (dash) characters can be used to delimit values and
indicate ranges. For example:
ike cmd=remove numlist=1,3,5-7
When numlist is omitted, all tunnels are deactivated or removed
from the database.
- Removes entries from the IKE Tunnel Definition database.
- Removes all entries from the IKE Tunnel Definition database. This
parameter does not work in conjunction with numlist.
- To deactivate phase 1 tunnels numbered 1, 2, and 3, enter:
ike cmd=remove phase=1 numlist=1-3
- To remove all phase 1 and phase 2 tunnels, enter:
ike cmd=remove all
- To remove all phase 2 tunnels but keep all phase 1 tunnels active,
ike cmd=remove phase=2 all
- To deactivate all phase 1 tunnels (corresponding phase 2 tunnels will not
be refreshed), enter:
ike cmd=remove phase=1 all
||Read the ISAKMP daemon log level from the /etc/isakmpd.conf file
and start logging at that level. The log output is sent to the file
specified in the /etc/isamkpd.conf file.
||The log subcommand reads the log level and a path and filename
from the /etc/isakmpd.conf file. The logging level specified is
set and the log output is placed in the path and filename
||There are four valid logging levels for the ISAKMP daemon. They
are none, errors, events, and
information. none means no logging,
errors means logging of only ISAKMP daemon errors will occur,
events means errors and other ISAKMP daemon events will be logged,
and information is the highest level of logging which is all
||Location of the ike admin commands.
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