Specifies Internet routing information to the routed daemon on a network.
The /etc/gateways file identifies gateways for the routed daemon. Ordinarily, the daemon queries the network and builds routing tables. The daemon builds the tables from routing information transmitted by other hosts directly connected to the network. Gateways that the daemon cannot identify through its queries are known as distant gateways. Such gateways should be identified in the gateways file, which the routed daemon reads when it starts.
The general format of an entry
(contained on a single line) in the gateways file is:
Destination Name1 gateway Name2 metric Value Type
Following is a brief description
of each element in an gateways file entry:
|Destination||A keyword that indicates whether the route is to a network or a specific host. The two possible keywords are net and host.|
|Name1||The name associated with Destination. The Name1 variable can be either a symbolic name (as used in the /etc/hosts or /etc/networks file) or an Internet address specified in dotted-decimal format.|
|gateway||An indicator that the following string identifies the gateway host.|
|Name2||The name or address of the gateway host to which messages should be forwarded.|
|metric||An indicator that the next string represents the hop count to the destination host or network.|
|Value||The hop count, or number of gateways from the local network to the destination network.|
|Type||A keyword that indicates whether the gateway should be treated as active, passive, or external. The three possible keywords are:|
|active||An active gateway is treated like a network interface. That is, the gateway is expected to exchange Routing Information Protocol (RIP) information. As long as the gateway is active, information about it is maintained in the internal routing tables. This information is included with any routing information transmitted through RIP. If the gateway does not respond for a period of time, the associated route is deleted from the internal routing tables.|
|passive||A passive gateway is not expected to exchange RIP information. Information about the gateway is maintained in the routing tables indefinitely and is included with any routing information transmitted through RIP.|
|external||An external gateway is identified to inform the routed daemon
that another routing process will install such a route and that alternative
routes to that destination should not be installed. Information about
external gateways is not maintained in the internal routing tables and is not
transmitted through RIP.
Note: These routes must be to networks.
net net2 gateway host4 metric 4 passive
This example specifies a route to a network, net2, through the gateway host4. The hop count metric to net2 is 4 and the gateway is treated as passive.
host host2 gateway host4 metric 4 passive
This example specifies a route to a host, host2, through the gateway host4. The hop count metric to host2 is 4 and the gateway is treated as passive.
host host10 gateway 22.214.171.124 metric 9 active
This example specifies a route to a specific host, host10, through the gateway 126.96.36.199. The hop count metric to host10 is 9 and the gateway is treated as active
host host10 gateway 188.8.131.52 metric 9 passive
net net5 gateway host7 metric 11 external
This example specifies a route to a network, net5, through the gateway host7. The hop count metric to net5 is 11 and the gateway is treated as external (that is, it is not advertised through RIP but instead through an unspecified routing protocol).
This file is part of TCP/IP in Network Support Facilities in Base Operating System (BOS) Runtime.
|/usr/lpp/tcpip/samples/gateways||Contains the sample gateways file, which also contains directions for its use.|
The routed daemon.
Gateways for TCP/IP, TCP/IP Protocols, TCP/IP Routing in AIX 5L Version 5.1 System Management Guide: Communications and Networks.